HISTORY OF LORETO IN INDIA

The Call To India

Call To India Loreto in India owes its origin to a visit by Dr Bakhaus to Loreto Abbey, Rathfarnham, Ireland, in 1840 to request Mother Teresa Ball to send sisters to set up a school for Catholic children in Calcutta. In response to this, Mother Teresa Ball sent 7 Loreto Sisters and 5 Postulants, all in their twenties, under the leadership of Delphine Hart to India, announcing that they would probably never see their homeland again. These pioneers were Mother Delphine Hart, Mother Teresa Mons, Mother Martina McCann, Sisters Alexia Egan, Benigna Egan, Veronica Fox, Gabriel Doyle, Miss Isabella Hart (M.Delphine’s sister), a Miss McDonough who received the habit as Sister Xaveria on her deathbed at the end of this first year and two other postulants, Miss Shanley and Miss Fitzpatrick. They sailed on a ship named The Scotia. This intrepid band left Dublin on September 1, 1841 from Ireland and landed at Babughat, Kolkata on December 29, 1841. They were the first congregation to come to North India.
There was a formal welcome and religious ceremony at the Cathedral on Portuguese Church Street. A great civic reception was held the next day, where they were welcomed by the Ladies of the Nun Committee, a large gathering of the people of Calcutta and Bishop Carew, and they were installed at the house in Middleton Row.

Earlier occupants of the building included Henry Vansittart, Governor of Bengal (1760-64) Sir Elijah Impey, First Chief Justice of the Supreme Court at Calcutta (1774-82) and from 1824, the Second Anglican Bishop of Calcutta, Bishop Heber. On January 10, 1842, Loreto House School was opened in this building. Meanwhile, the construction of St. Thomas’ Church, on the same premises had begun from November 11, 1841. The Catholic Archbishop of Calcutta, Mgr. Carew, also constructed a residence for himself next to the church and at the doorstep of Loreto House. This building was then known as St. Thomas’ House. The only original buildings on the premises now are St. Thomas’ Church and a part of the building where the college was first established. The Provincial of the Loreto institute in India now resides within the walls that first housed Loreto College.

On 10th January 1842 the Sisters began the school at Loreto House with 60 pupils as well as taking classes in the orphanage at the Murgihatta Cathedral in keeping with Mary Ward’s dictum to "love the Poor".
In 1843 Loreto Day School Bowbazar, was founded.
An orphanage was opened in Serampore and another boarding school was founded in Chandannagar.
In 1847, orphans and boarders from Murgihatta, Serampore and Chandannagar were shifted to the beautiful grounds of Loreto Convent, Entally.
In 1857,Loreto Day School, Sealdah was formally inaugurated.
In 1879, Loreto Day School Dharamtalla, founded earlier by laymen, was handed over to the Loreto Sisters.
In the early years, Loreto nuns travelled to Dacca, Chittagong, Vellore, Ootacamund, Saugor, Hazaribagh and Purnea, establishing institutions, many of which were left for others to nurture.
Elsewhere, Loreto developed strong and lasting foundations: Loreto Convent, Darjeeling [1847], Loreto Convent, Lucknow [1872], Loreto Convent, Asansol [1877], Tara Hall, Simla [1899], St Agnes’ Loreto Day School, Lucknow, [1904]
and Loreto Convent, Shillong [1909].

Loreto College In the early years of the twentieth century, Loreto ventured into higher education for women. In 1912, Loreto College, Calcutta was founded.
Affiliation to the university was granted, first in 1912-1913, for Intermediate Arts and later for BA (Bachelor of Arts), ISC (Intermediate Science) and BT (Teacher Training).

The Secondary School Teachers’ Training College was opened in February 1913. The courses first offered were for the Licentiate of Teaching and Bachelor of Teaching.

Old Provincialate Building Today it offers a Two year post graduate B. Ed. (Bachelor of Education) degree. It is affiliated to Calcutta University and in 1998 it was recognized by the National Council for Teacher Education, a body set up under the NCTE Act 1993.
In 1926 St Teresa’s Girls’ Higher Secondary School was opened for Nepali girls.
In 1942: Pushpa Vidyalaya, the first Loreto Hindi medium school, was started for poor children in the compound of St Agnes’ Loreto Day School, Lucknow.
1943: Loreto Convent, Doranda, Ranchi was established. In 1965, Loreto found a home in Delhi cantonment
1950s: Vocational Training center, Loreto House was started.
The Commercial College was first begun in Loreto Dharamtala and shifted to Loreto House in the 1950s.
1954 : Loreto Day School, Elliot Road, Calcutta
1955: The TTC (Trained Teachers’ Certificate), the Primary School Teachers’ Training Department of Loreto House was started to provide a course which is certified by the West Bengal School Education Department. It’s also recognized by the National Council for Teachers’ Education (NCTE).

1961: The Government offered the Loreto Sisters a large house, Southfield, on the slopes of Observatory Hill to begin a women’s college as there was no college for women in the whole Darjeeling District at that time.

By the 1970s, new directions were evident in Loreto Education. In 1971, Loreto St Vincent’s school was founded in Thakurpukur as a Bengali medium primary school for the poor children of the area. In 1979, Jeevan Rekha, Loreto Delhi, established a coaching programme for village children.

In 1985, the Rainbow school was established in Loreto Sealdah. Other innovative projects devised at Loreto Sealdah include a village programme wherein every week some children visit and teach in village schools, the Shikhalaya project initiated with government assistance to get every child in Kolkata into school, and the "barefoot Teacher Training" to impart basic training to teachers of village schools.

Several literacy programmes were started, including Ankur Vidyalaya - Literacy Programme, Loreto Asansol (1991), Jagriti Literacy and Tailoring center - Lucknow (1994) and Asha Kiran, Ranchi- a literacy and tailoring project, while vocational courses were offered at Akansha Dam, Loreto Day School, Dharamtala and the Vocational training center, Entally.

Outreach programmes include Lolay Primary School (1991), Archana School and Outreach programme of Loreto House school, Kolkata (1992), Sunshine School, Entally - a pre-school foundation class (1992), Loreto Sanjeevan Shiksha Sadan, Panighatta taken over from the Jesuits (1995), Roshni School, the outreach programme of Loreto Elliot Road (1996), while Asha Deep is the non-formal outreach programme of Loreto Bowbazar (1996). In 1997, Sadam was opened, fulfilling a long time wish of the Late Bishop Benjamin for the Loreto Education Development Center. Dharan has engaged three teachers to take coaching classes for students from Government schools and also runs a hostel (1996). At Loreto Outreach Center, Laitkor, classes are conducted daily in rented rooms in two villages for children attending local schools.
Sr. Euphemia started pastoral work in Umphyrnai in 1994 and School and Tribal Health Care Dispensary was also set up later..
To answer the call of Courage to Move, three of our sisters from Kolkata were missioned to Padrishibpur in Bangladesh in 2005. They took over the running of St.Alfred’s School, which up to then was managed by lay people after the Holy Spirit Fathers left.
In 2007 the Darjeeling Region was begun with Darjeeling, Lolay, Sadam, Dharan and Panighatta coming under its umbrella. The Regional House in Champasari and the Mary Ward Development Centre were established in Siliguri.
A house for students was opened in Tiruchirapalli in 2006.
The new Novitiate house was constructed in 2007 in Thakurpukur – Abhilasha.
In 2007 social and pastoral work was begun in Satarda by Sr. Euphemia.